4-5 December 2018
Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Europe/Kiev timezone

Linear-in-gradients hydrodynamic equations for a system with small interaction

4 Dec 2018, 10:45
Oral Statistical Theory of Many-body Systems Statistical Theory of Many-body Systems


Dr Vyacheslav Gorev (National Mining University)


The system under consideration is a one-component weakly non-uniform gas with small potential interaction. The investigation is based on the kinetic equation in the case of small interaction with a nonlocal collision integral [1]. In [2] it is shown that the system kinetic energy is not conserved on the basis of the nonlocal collision integral. So the system temperature should be defined on the basis on the total system energy rather than the kinetic one. The following hydrodynamic equations are obtained up to the first order in small gradients and the second order in small interaction:

$ \frac{{\partial n}}{{\partial t}} = - n\frac{{\partial {\upsilon _n}}}{{\partial {x_n}}} - {\upsilon _n}\frac{{\partial n}}{{\partial {x_n}}}, \quad \frac{{\partial {\upsilon _n}}}{{\partial t}} = - {\upsilon _l}\frac{{\partial {\upsilon _n}}}{{\partial {x_l}}} + \left[ { - \frac{T}{{nm}} - \frac{1}{m}V\left( {k = 0} \right) + } \right. $

$ \left. { + \frac{1}{{2{\pi ^2}mT}}\left( {A + \frac{B}{3}} \right)} \right]\frac{{\partial n}}{{\partial {x_n}}} + \left[ { - \frac{1}{m} - \frac{n}{{4{\pi ^2}m{T^2}}}\left( {A + \frac{B}{3}} \right)} \right]\frac{{\partial T}}{{\partial {x_n}}}, $

$ \frac{{\partial T}}{{\partial t}} = \left[ { - \frac{2}{3}T + \frac{n}{{9{\pi ^2}T}}\left( {A + \frac{B}{2}} \right)} \right]\frac{{\partial {\upsilon _n}}}{{\partial {x_n}}} - {\upsilon _n}\frac{{\partial T}}{{\partial {x_n}}}, $

$ A = \int\limits_0^\infty {dk} {k^2}{V^2}\left( k \right), \quad B = \int\limits_0^\infty {dk{k^3}V\left( k \right)\frac{{\partial V\left( k \right)}}{{\partial k}}} $

where $n$ is the particle number density, $\upsilon_l$ is the velocity, $T$ is the temperature, and $V(k)$ is the Fourier transform of the system pair potential. In fact, these equations are non-dissipative hydrodynamic equations and in the leading-in-interaction order they coincide with corresponding equations in the framework of standard hydrodynamics. The obtained equations may be a basis for the investigation of the system dissipative hydrodynamics and system kinetic coefficients.

[1] A.I. Akhiezer and S.V. Peletminsky, Methods of Statistical Physics, Oxford, Pergamon Press, 1981, 376 p.
[2] V.N. Gorev and A.I. Sokolovsky, Visnik Dnipropetrovs'kogo Universitetu. Seria Fizika, radioelektronika, 25, issue 24, 14 (2017).

Primary authors

Dr Vyacheslav Gorev (National Mining University) Prof. Alexander Sokolovsky (Oles Honchar Dnipro National University)

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