4-5 December 2018
Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Europe/Kiev timezone

Towards the problem of the Nesterenko’s soliton waves propagation in nonlinear inhomogeneous Hertzian chains

4 Dec 2018, 11:05
Oral Statistical Theory of Many-body Systems Statistical Theory of Many-body Systems


Mr Andrii Spivak (Odesa State Environmental University)


We consider theoretically the problem of the pulse transmission along 1D vertical chain of hard spheres, which interact with each other by pair-wise nonlinear Hertz law [1-3]. System is subject into gravity and therefore became inhomogeneous [2,3]. We show, that being excited form the boundary (from the top), system is able to exhibit complex multimode dynamics of pulse propagation. After long-wave approximation has been used to study the dynamics of week perturbation, in the lowest approximation, resulted governing equation is satisfy by either singular solutions, or combinations of cylindrical waves [2]. In the higher approximation we obtaine nonlinear equation of motion (generalized in form of Bussinesq equation) which bring us to solution of Nesterenko-type soliton [1] with a negligible differences in the amplitudes, and dispersions.
We conclude that initially weekly nonlinear and inhomogeneous chain, already in the linear approximation, is able to transmit either normal or singular modes, whenever, the accounting, of the nonlinearity leads to familiar Nesterenko-type soliton’s [1].
Therefore under the appropriate values of the parameters (nonlinearity, inhomogeneity, signal amplitudes) linearized Hertzian chain support both discontinuous as well as quasinormal mode scenarios of pulse transmission.

[1] Nesterenko, V.F. Propagation of nonlinear compression pulses in granular media. J. Appl. Mech. Tech. Phys. 24 (1) (1984) 733-743; Translated from : Zh. Prikl. Mekh. Tekh. Fiz. (5) (1983) 136-148. [Russian]
[2] Sen, S., Hong, J., Bang, J., Avalos, E., and Doney, R. Solitary waves in the granular chain. Physics Reports 462 (2) (2008) 21-66.
[3] Gerasymov, O.I. and Vandewalle, N. On the exact solutions of the problem of impulsive propagation in an inhomogeneous granular chain. Dopov. Nac. acad. nauk Ukr. (8) (2012) 67-72. [Ukrainian]

Primary authors

Mr Andrii Spivak (Odesa State Environmental University) Prof. Oleg Gerasymov (Odesa State Environmental University)

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