21-23 December 2020
Online meeting
Europe/Kiev timezone

Circular stripe domains in a vertically stacked magnetic heterostructures

23 Dec 2020, 10:40
Online meeting

Online meeting

Oral talk Condensed Matter Physics Condensed Matter Physics


Oleksandr Zaiets (Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv)


Magnetic vortex is known to form a ground state of magnetic nanodisk with easy-plane anisotropy [1]. A perpendicularly magnetized disk in a nanostack can also support the vortex state due to the interlayer exchange coupling with the vortex state thick layer [2].

Fig.1: Phase diagram of different states on Co disk. The following parameters of the Co disk were used in OOMMF simulations: disk radius $R = 500$ nm, exchange constant $A = 2\times10^{-11}$ J/m, saturation magnetization $Ms = 5\times10^5$ A/m, easy-normal anisotropy $K = 2\times10^5$ J/m$^3$.

Here we predict formation of circular stripe domains in the cylinder nanopillar of vertically stacked magnetic heterostructure. Using OOMMF micromagnetic simulations [3] we model the three-layer heterostructure where the topological magnetization texture is imprinted into an out-of-plane magnetized material through stacking three layers with in-plane magnetization (Py master layer), nonmagnetic material (Pd spacer layer) and out-of-plane magnetization (Co slave layer, the sample). The phase diagram of equilibrium magnetisation states in the sample disk is computed in a wide range of the coupling parameter for different thicknesses of the sample layer (see Fig.1): (i) The cone phase is realized for a weak coupling; within this phase the cone-state light vortex has a structure, similar to ones in easy-plane magnets under the action of perpendicular magnetic field [4]. (ii) The opposite limit case of strong coupling results to the vortex phase, which structure mimics the master layer vortex texture. (iii) The appearance of the new phase with the circular stripe domains is a key finding of the current study. This circular stripe phase is realized for the intermediate coupling parameters. The modulation instability of the cone state is triggered by the nonlocal magnetostatic interaction, which results in the generation of the stable equilibrium magnetization texture in the form of circular stripes domains. The number of stripes is controlled by both coupling parameters and the sample thickness. The phase transition between different states is described analytically using a simple Ansatz model and corresponds to the full scale micromagnetic simulations. The variety of magnetization textures with well-defined phases corresponds to the experimentally observed vortex and donut states in [2].
The possibility to switch between different topologically nontrivial states allows for engineering magnetic textures with possible applications in spintronic devices.

[1] A. Hubert and R. Schäfer, Magnetic domains: the analysis of magnetic microstructures, Springer (2009)
[2] R. Streubel et al, Scientific Reports 5, 8227 (2015)
[3] Object Oriented MicroMagnetic computing Framework (OOMMF)
[4] B. A. Ivanov and D. D. Sheka, Low Temperature Physics 21, 881 (1995)

Primary authors

Oleksandr Zaiets (Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv) Prof. Denis Sheka (Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv) Dr Volodymyr Kravchuk (Karlsruher Institut für Technologie) Dr Denis Makarov (Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf e.V.)

Presentation Materials